Florida Probate, Trust & Guardianship Litigation

Power of Attorney Litigation

In the intricacies of Florida law, the Power of Attorney (POA) stands as a legal beacon of trust and authorization. The significance of the POA cannot be overstated; it allows individuals to grant others the capacity to act on their behalf in financial, legal, or health-related matters should they become unable to do so themselves. Given its substantial impact on lives and assets, understanding the legal specifications of POA in Florida is vital for ensuring that the document’s authority is both respected and appropriately circumscribed.

Florida law delineates explicit requirements for the validity and execution of a POA, including the scope of powers that can be granted and the obligations of the appointed agent. Moreover, the state differentiates between General, Limited (or Special), and Durable Powers of Attorney, each with its own breadth of authority and duration. Navigating these variabilities is essential for crafting a POA that aligns with the granter’s intentions and for effectively managing conflicts that arise in Power of Attorney litigation. Join us as we explore the nuances of POAs in Florida to empower you with knowledge that safeguards your autonomy and legal interests.

Legal Grounds for Litigation

Power of Attorney litigation in Florida can unfold under various circumstances, and understanding these legal grounds is essential for anyone facing potential disputes. Confrontations can arise from a range of situations where the agent, also known as the attorney-in-fact, may not have acted entirely in the principal’s best interests or may have even breached their fiduciary duties.

Situations Necessitating POA Litigation

Litigation becomes necessary when there is a suspicion or evidence that the Power of Attorney is being misused. Common triggers include unexplained financial transactions, a sudden change in the principal’s estate plans, or the agent’s refusal to provide accountings and updates on the principal’s affairs.

Identifying Breaches in Duties and Responsibilities by the Agent

An agent under a Power of Attorney in Florida is held to a high standard of conduct, expected to act with utmost good faith, loyalty, and honesty. When an agent prioritizes personal interests over those of the principal, makes unauthorized transactions, or neglects to maintain accurate records, these actions can constitute a breach that may warrant litigation.

Laws Governing POA Litigation

Florida law stipulates clear legal frameworks governing Power of Attorney arrangements. Chapter 709 of the Florida Statutes contains provisions specifically addressing the misuse of POAs and establishing the legal recourse available to interested parties. It outlines the agent’s duties and the legal mechanisms to address a breach, including holding the agent accountable for their misconduct.

  • Duty of Care: The agent must act with the care, competence, and diligence ordinarily exercised by individuals in similar circumstances.
  • Duty of Loyalty: The agent must act solely in the interest of the principal and avoid conflicts of interest.
  • Duty to Preserve the Estate Plan: To the extent known by the agent, they must try to preserve the principal’s estate plan if doing so is consistent with the principal’s best interest.

In conclusion, Power of Attorney litigation in Florida is a complex and delicate matter, making it crucial for parties involved to understand the legalities that dictate the agent’s responsibilities and the judgments available when those duties are unfulfilled. Should you suspect any breach or misuse of a Power of Attorney, it is advisable to consult with a professional skilled in Florida’s legislative landscape to guide you through the intricate process.

Common Types of Misuse or Abuse

When a Power of Attorney (POA) is entrusted to an agent, it may occasionally lead to situations where the power is misused or abused. In Florida, understanding these types of misconduct is the first step in addressing and rectifying them. Below are some common ways through which misuse or abuse of POA might manifest:

  • Financial Exploitation: This includes instances where the agent uses the principal’s assets for personal gain rather than for the principal’s benefit. Actions such as transferring money to their own accounts, selling the principal’s properties without consent, or making unauthorized investments fall under this category.
  • Lack of Transparency: An agent may neglect their duty to keep the principal informed about financial decisions or transactions, effectively keeping the principal in the dark about their own affairs.
  • Exceeding Authority: An agent may act beyond the authority granted to them in the POA documentation. This could include making healthcare decisions when only financial authority was given, or vice versa.
  • Co-mingling of Funds: If an agent mixes their own funds with those of the principal, it can not only lead to misuse but also complicate the principal’s financial and estate planning.
  • Undue Influence or Coercion: In some cases, agents might pressure or manipulate the principal into making decisions that are not in their best interest, which is a clear abuse of the agent’s position.
  • Failure to Act: A POA abuse might also take the form of an agent’s failure to carry out the required actions to manage or maintain the principal’s affairs, potentially leading to financial loss or other damage.

Florida case law provides numerous examples of POA misuse or abuse. For instance, in a recent case in Miami, an agent was found guilty of using a senior’s estate to finance personal vacations and luxury purchases. Such cases highlight the importance of vigilance and the need for quick legal action when POA misconduct is suspected.

The Role of Incapacity

The concept of incapacity plays a pivotal role when dealing with Power of Attorney (POA) disputes in Florida. Incapacity is a legal term that refers to an individual’s inability to make decisions or manage their affairs effectively due to mental or physical impairment. Under Florida law, incapacity can be a key factor in challenging the actions taken by an agent under a POA.

What Constitutes Incapacity Under Florida Law

In Florida, the determination of incapacity must be made by a court. This involves assessing whether an individual has the mental ability to understand the nature and consequences of their decisions. Incapacity can be due to various causes, such as Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, chronic illness, or injury. The court will often rely on medical testimony and other expert opinions to decide whether incapacity is present.

The Importance of Incapacity in Challenging POA Decisions

When someone is deemed incapacitated, it’s assumed they cannot provide informed consent or make sound decisions. This can significantly impact POA litigation, as decisions made by an agent on behalf of an incapacitated person may be contested if there are suspicions of misuse or abuse of power. Challenging a POA decision typically involves proving that the individual was incapacitated at the time the document was executed or when specific actions were taken by the agent.

  • If an individual was incapacitated when signing the POA, the document might be deemed invalid.
  • If an agent exploits the principal’s incapacity to make decisions that are not in the best interest of the principal, this can be grounds for litigation.
  • The threshold of proof for incapacity can influence the outcome of disputes related to POA.

In any case, it’s crucial to have experienced legal representation when handling the complexities of Power of Attorney litigation, especially in matters where incapacity is contested. Whether you are seeking to uphold the validity of a POA or challenge decisions made by an agent, understanding the role of incapacity is instrumental in the resolution of such legal conflicts.

Challenges to Validity

Ensuring the validity of a Power of Attorney (POA) document is fundamental to any related litigation process. In Florida, specific statutory requirements and legal frameworks define the standards for a legally binding POA. When the validity of such documents comes into question, the litigation can become complex and multi-faceted.

Grounds for Questioning a POA’s Validity

Challenges to a Power of Attorney’s legitimacy arise on various legal grounds. Commonly, disputes may concern the following:

  • The mental capacity of the principal at the time of signing the POA
  • Allegations of undue influence or coercion
  • Possible fraud or forgery associated with the POA’s creation
  • Improper execution such as lack of witnessing or notarization
  • Expiration of the POA or revocation without notification to relevant parties

The Role of Florida Law in Determining Valid Power Delegation

Florida law stipulates strict adherence to formalities for a POA to be considered valid. These laws ensure that the delegation of power is a result of the principal’s conscious and voluntary decision. A thorough assessment of the document’s alignment with state legal requirements is thus imperative when its validity is challenged.

How Financial Institutions May Be Involved in Disputes

Financial institutions often play a critical role when a POA is utilized for monetary transactions. These institutions have the right to question the validity of a POA to protect themselves and their clients from potential fraud. Disputes can arise when a financial institution refuses to honor a POA, requiring further legal examination to determine its legitimacy and enforceability.

In Power of Attorney Litigation in Florida, the intricacies of challenging a POA document can dictate the trajectory of the case and greatly affect the interests of all parties involved. Professional legal counsel becomes indispensable to navigate the complexities presented by such disputes.

Duties and Responsibilities of the Agent (Attorney-in-Fact)

When acting under a Power of Attorney in Florida, an agent, also known as the Attorney-in-Fact, is expected to uphold a strict set of duties and responsibilities in accordance with state laws. Failure to adhere to these obligations can lead to Power of Attorney litigation and potential legal consequences. It is imperative for both the agent and principal to have a comprehensive understanding of these roles to ensure that the agent’s actions are within the scope of their legal authority and uphold the principal’s best interests.

Outlining What Florida Law Requires of a POA Agent

The state of Florida has specific mandates for a POA agent which include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Acting in good faith and within the scope of authority granted by the Power of Attorney document.
  • Executing decisions based solely on the best interest of the principal.
  • Keeping a record of all receipts, disbursements, and transactions made on behalf of the principal.
  • Maintaining the principal’s assets separately from the agent’s personal assets.

The Fiduciary Relationship Between an Agent and the Principal

Central to the role of an Agent is the fiduciary relationship they share with the principal. This legal and ethical link is founded on trust, meaning that the agent must:

  • Act with the utmost integrity and honesty.
  • Not engage in activities that could be seen as conflicting with the principal’s interests.
  • Avoid any and all forms of self-dealing.
  • Uphold the duty of care, loyalty, and confidentiality at all times.

The responsibilities outlined herein are key to managing Power of Attorney dynamics effectively and ethically. Any breach of these duties can lead to serious legal repercussions and is often at the heart of Power of Attorney litigation in Florida.

Signs of Potential Financial Exploitation by an Agent

When a Power of Attorney (POA) is misused, the consequences can be especially detrimental for the principal, who has entrusted their agent with significant authority. It’s crucial for individuals in Florida to recognize the red flags that may indicate an agent is financially exploiting their position. Understanding these signs can empower principals and their loved ones to take swift and appropriate action to protect their assets and legal rights.

Recognizing the Red Flags Indicating Abuse by an Agent

Financial exploitation under a POA can be subtle or blatant, but certain patterns often emerge. These are key indicators that an agent may be overstepping their bounds:

  • Unexplained withdrawals or transfers: Frequent or large financial transactions that the principal did not approve or does not understand could point to misuse.
  • Changes in estate planning documents: Any unexpected changes or amendments to wills, trusts, or beneficiary designations should raise concerns, especially if they benefit the agent disproportionately.
  • Lack of transparency: Agents are typically required to keep the principal informed about their financial decisions. Refusal to provide records or explanations is a glaring warning sign.
  • New debts or unpaid bills: Although the agent is responsible for managing financial affairs, discovering new debts, liens, or notice of unpaid bills in the principal’s name may suggest mismanagement or exploitation.
  • Lifestyle changes: If the agent’s standard of living improves significantly without a clear source, or if the principal’s lifestyle declines due to insufficient funds, this disparity should be investigated.

Protective Measures and Advice for Principals and Their Loved Ones

For principals in Florida and their families, staying vigilant and informed is the first line of defense against potential financial exploitation. It’s essential to:

  • Regularly review statements and accounts for unauthorized activity.
  • Ensure that the POA document includes clear outlines of the agent’s responsibilities and limitations.
  • Consult with an experienced attorney if there are any suspicions of financial abuse.

If financial exploitation is suspected, it is vital to contact a professional who understands Power of Attorney litigation in Florida. An experienced attorney can provide guidance on safeguarding assets and may assist in holding the agent accountable for their actions.

Steps to Resolve Conflicts

Power of Attorney conflicts can be a source of significant stress and contention among parties involved. Understanding the right approach to resolving these disputes is crucial to protecting the rights and well-being of all individuals affected. Here, we outline proactive steps to address and potentially resolve Power of Attorney conflicts in Florida.

Strategies to Approach and Address Disputes Amicably

Before proceeding with litigation, consider the following strategies to resolve disputes amicably:

  • Initiate a Conversation: Begin by discussing your concerns with the agent (attorney-in-fact), as sometimes a simple dialogue can clarify misunderstandings.
  • Involve a Mediator: Involving a neutral third-party mediator can help facilitate a resolution and is often a less adversarial approach than litigation.
  • Review the POA Document: Re-examine the Power of Attorney document to ensure all parties’ understanding of the terms and boundaries set within it.
  • Seek Legal Counseling: Consult with an attorney who specializes in estate planning or elder law to advise on the situation and explore potential solutions.

When Litigation Becomes Necessary and How to Prepare

In some instances, litigation may be the only pathway to resolving the dispute. Should it become necessary to take legal action, the following steps are advisable:

  • Gather Evidence: Document all incidents of suspected misuse or abuse, including financial records, correspondence, and witness statements.
  • Understand Your Legal Rights: Familiarize yourself with Florida laws regarding Power of Attorney and the legal grounds for litigation in such cases.
  • File a Petition: A petition must be filed in court to challenge the actions of the agent or to seek the removal and replacement of the agent.
  • Secure Legal Representation: Engage a reputable attorney with experience in Power of Attorney litigation to build a strong case on your behalf.

Resolving Power of Attorney conflicts can be complex, and the strategies employed will depend on the unique circumstances of each case. If you find yourself facing such a dispute, a professional with specialized knowledge in Florida’s Power of Attorney laws can help safeguard your interests and those of your loved ones.

Remedies and Damages

When the trust placed in an agent under a Power of Attorney (POA) is breached in Florida, the courts can provide several remedies and damages to the victims of such abuses. Victims who have suffered losses due to the wrongful acts of their attorney-in-fact can take comfort in knowing that the legal system offers avenues to seek justice and financial restitution.

Possible Legal Outcomes and Compensation for Victims

In the event of POA abuse, the legal outcomes can vary greatly depending on the specifics of the case. When abuse is proven, courts may order the return of stolen assets, compensate for losses incurred, or even award additional damages for pain and suffering or punitive purposes meant to deter similar conduct in the future. In certain scenarios, criminal charges may also be pursued, leading to the possibility of additional penalties like fines or imprisonment for the perpetrator.

Florida Statutes Regarding Financial Restitution

Under Florida law, statutes provide clear guidance on financial restitution for victims of Power of Attorney abuse. These statutes include provisions allowing courts to:

  • Rescind or revoke the actions taken by the agent that were not in the best interests of the principal.
  • Order the reimbursement of funds and restoration of property wrongfully taken from the principal’s estate.
  • Impose surcharges, or additional financial penalties, against the agent for the breach of fiduciary duties.

It is important to note that timeliness is crucial in these matters. Victims should act promptly to ensure that their rights are fully protected under the law.

In conclusion, while experiencing Power of Attorney abuse can be a challenging and distressing ordeal, the state of Florida offers robust legal remedies to correct the wrongs done and compensate the victims impacted by such transgressions. Professional legal guidance is indispensable in navigating these complex situations and achieving the justice that victims deserve.

The Process of Revoking a Power of Attorney

Revoking a Power of Attorney (POA) in Florida is a necessary step when circumstances change or disputes arise that warrant the dissolution of the legal relationship between the principal and their attorney-in-fact. This process is governed by specific Florida statutes, which dictate the legally binding method for revocation.

Detailed Guidance on Revoking a POA According to Florida Law

To effectively revoke a POA, the principal must take several prescribed actions:

  • Written Revocation: The principal should draft a written document expressly stating the intention to revoke the power granted to the attorney-in-fact. This document is often referred to as a “Revocation of Power of Attorney.”
  • Notarization: As with the original POA document, the revocation should be signed and notarized to ensure its legality and authenticity.
  • Original POA Document: If possible, the principal should retrieve the original POA document from the attorney-in-fact to prevent further unauthorized use.

Notifications and Considerations for Individuals and Institutions

Proper notification is critical to the revocation process. The principal must consider the following steps:

  • Informing the Attorney-in-Fact: Promptly notifying the agent of the revocation is crucial. The notification can help prevent any future actions taken by the attorney-in-fact under the authority of the POA.
  • Third Parties: Any institutions or individuals that were aware of the POA must be notified of its revocation. These may include banks, financial institutions, healthcare providers, and any other involved parties.
  • Legal Records: Recording the revocation with the same court or setting where the original POA was registered may be necessary, especially if it pertained to real estate transactions.

It is important to remember that the revocation of a POA is a legal action that may have significant consequences. Hence, thoroughness and careful attention to procedure are imperative. Consulting an attorney experienced in Power of Attorney Litigation in Florida can not only steer the process in the right direction but can also provide the necessary legal support to handle any complications that arise during or after the revocation.

Guardianship Proceedings vs. Power of Attorney Disputes

When legal issues arise concerning the care and decision-making for an incapacitated individual in Florida, it’s crucial to understand the distinct legal processes of guardianship proceedings and power of attorney disputes. These two mechanisms have unique purposes, procedures, and implications for the parties involved. Selecting the appropriate path can significantly impact the well-being and financial affairs of the person at the heart of the matter.

Explaining the Difference Between These Two Legal Processes

Guardianship proceedings are initiated when an individual no longer possesses the mental capacity to make informed decisions and did not previously designate an agent through a power of attorney. A court supervises the appointment of a guardian who will have the authority to make decisions on behalf of the incapacitated person. This process is often more intrusive and can be lengthier and more expensive than power of attorney disputes.

On the other hand, power of attorney disputes may arise when there is an accusation that the appointed agent, also known as the attorney-in-fact, is not acting in the best interest of the principal-the one who granted the authority-or is overstepping their powers. These disputes are usually addressed in civil courts and are centered on the legal document that granted the power of attorney.

Deciding Which Path Serves the Best Interest of the Person-in-Question

Deciding whether to pursue a guardianship or resolve a power of attorney dispute requires careful consideration of the circumstances. Here are several factors to think about:

  • Existence of a Power of Attorney: If a valid power of attorney is in place, resolving disputes related to it may be the more straightforward approach.
  • Severity of the Alleged Misconduct: In cases where the attorney-in-fact is accused of significant abuse or exploitation, a guardianship proceeding can provide a comprehensive solution to protect the principal.
  • Capacity of the Principal: For individuals who have lost capacity and have no power of attorney in place, guardianship proceedings are necessary to establish legal decision-making authority.
  • Urgency of the Situation: The urgency of the issue may influence the chosen path, as guardianship proceedings can take more time to establish compared to resolving power of attorney disputes through litigation.
  • Cost Considerations: Financial constraints can also be a deciding factor, with power of attorney disputes potentially being less costly than the full process of establishing a guardianship.

Both guardianship proceedings and power of attorney disputes are complex legal matters that require a thorough knowledge of Florida law. Whether you’re navigating the intricate nuances of a power of attorney litigation or considering the initiation of a guardianship, seeking the guidance of a skilled attorney is imperative to protecting the rights and well-being of those incapable of managing their own affairs.

The Importance of Proper Drafting

A power of attorney can only be effectively realized when it is properly drafted. In Florida, as in other states, the precision of the POA’s language and adherence to legal standards is critical to ensure that the document truly reflects the principal’s wishes and stands up to any potential legal scrutiny.

Ensuring a POA Reflects the Principal’s Wishes and Legal Standards

The primary objective of a Power of Attorney is to represent the principal’s interests when they are not in a position to do so themselves. To ensure that a POA accurately reflects the principal’s intentions, it must be tailored to their specific requirements and personal circumstances. This includes specifying the extent of powers granted and the conditions under which they may be exercised, as well as incorporating any limitations or special instructions deemed necessary.

  • Detail the scope of powers: A well-drafted POA should clearly define what decisions the agent can make, whether financial, medical, or otherwise.
  • Include safeguards: Provisions for oversight, such as requiring the agent to provide regular accounting, can help prevent abuse.
  • Plan for contingencies: Outlining how successor agents are chosen and defining triggering events for the POA’s activation are vital.

The Role of an Attorney in Drafting Enforceable Documents

Drafting a Power of Attorney involves intricate knowledge of Florida’s legal requirements. The role of an attorney in this process cannot be overstated, as they ensure that the POA adheres to state laws and is enforceable in various situations. Experienced legal counsel can offer guidance on the nuances of POA provisions and avoid common pitfalls that may lead to disputes or litigation down the line.

  • Legal Expertise: Attorneys can interpret complex legal statutes and translate them into a POA that is both comprehensive and understandable.
  • Customization: A legal professional can customize the POA to suit the unique needs and preferences of the principal, while also considering future changes in the law.
  • Execution and Witnesses: The attorney can ensure the POA is executed correctly with all necessary formalities, such as notarization and witnesses, which can be critical for the document’s legitimacy.

The right preparation and legal guidance in drafting a Power of Attorney can help prevent conflicts and preserve the principal’s autonomy. By focusing on clarity, specificity, and legal compliance, principals and agents can avoid the complications that often lead to Power of Attorney litigation in Florida.

Securing Representation

When you’re embroiled in a Power of Attorney dispute in Florida, selecting the right legal representation is crucial. Not only must your attorney be well-versed in state laws, but they should also possess a deep understanding of the complexities surrounding POA litigation. The stakes are high in such cases, often involving sensitive family matters and significant financial interests. Here’s how you can ensure you choose the most qualified attorney to advocate for your interests.

Criteria for Selecting a Lawyer With Experience

Florida has specific statutes and case law governing Power of Attorney arrangements. Therefore, it’s imperative to work with a lawyer who has:

  • Comprehensive knowledge of the Florida Power of Attorney Act and any recent legislative changes that could impact your case.
  • Experience in elder law, especially if the litigation pertains to the elderly or incapacitated individuals.
  • A solid background in estate planning and trust law, which often intersects with POA issues.

Considering the Attorney’s Experience in POA Disputes and Litigation Success

Experience in POA litigation is more than just a feather in the cap – it’s critical. You need a lawyer who not only understands the law but knows how it plays out in court. Consider the following:

  • How many POA disputes has the attorney handled?
  • What is their litigation success rate in these cases?
  • Does the attorney have a track record of securing favourable outcomes whether through negotiations, settlements, or court verdicts?
  • Can the attorney provide references or testimonials from previous clients involved in POA litigation?

When it comes to choosing the right attorney for your Power of Attorney litigation in Florida, it’s essential to work with someone who not only has the legal expertise but also the practical courtroom experience to navigate these challenging disputes. Remember, the right choice can make the difference in protecting your rights and achieving a just outcome in your case.

The Role of Mediation

When disputes arise over the Power of Attorney in Florida, mediation serves as a compelling alternative to traditional court litigation. The method centers on the involvement of a neutral third party, a mediator, who assists the disputing parties in reaching a mutually satisfactory resolution.

Explaining Mediation as an Alternative to Court Litigation

Mediation is often favored for its confidentiality and the control it offers to the involved parties. Unlike court proceedings where a judge makes a binding decision, mediation enables the parties in dispute over a Power of Attorney to negotiate terms and find a middle ground that respects everyone’s interests.

The Potential Advantages of Mediation in POA Disputes

The advantages of mediation in Power of Attorney disputes are multifaceted:

  • Cost-Effectiveness: Mediation is typically more affordable than the court costs associated with litigation.
  • Timeliness: Resolving POA conflicts through mediation can be much faster than waiting for a court date and proceeding through a lengthy litigation process.
  • Privacy: Mediation conversations are confidential, offering a level of privacy that court cases do not typically provide.
  • Flexibility: The process is more flexible and less formal than court proceedings, allowing for custom solutions tailored to the unique needs of the parties.
  • Preservation of Relationships: Mediation fosters communication and negotiation, which can preserve family or business relationships that litigation might otherwise damage beyond repair.

Ultimately, mediation can be a highly effective approach to resolving complex Power of Attorney issues in Florida, ensuring that the rights and wishes of all parties are considered and respected without the rigidity of a court-imposed decision.

Protecting Your Rights in Litigation

The complexities surrounding Power of Attorney litigation in Florida cannot be understated. From understanding the spectrum of legal grounds for disputes to navigating the burdensome intricacies of financial exploitation and abuse, the landscape of Power of Attorney law in Florida demands astute awareness and decisive action. It is crucial for individuals to recognize the importance of informed decision-making and the value of expert legal guidance when dealing with Power of Attorney issues.

Whether you are drafting a Power of Attorney document, suspect misuse by an agent, or are facing a challenge to the validity of a POA, the ramifications of these legal matters can be profound. Ensuring that all actions and decisions made under a Power of Attorney align with Florida statutes and case law is pivotal to protecting your personal interests, as well as those of your loved ones.

  • Informed decision-making is paramount to avert potential litigation and safeguard rights.
  • Expert legal guidance helps to navigate the nuances of Florida’s Power of Attorney regulations.
  • Familiarity with the duties and responsibilities under POA can prevent conflicts and abuse.
  • Staying informed about changes in legislation and case law is essential to maintaining valid and effective Power of Attorney arrangements.

For those facing uncertainties or disputes regarding Power of Attorney, consulting with a specialized attorney is not just a recommendation-it is a critical step toward resolution. Legal professionals well-versed in Florida’s specific Power of Attorney laws can offer the support and advocacy needed to address concerns effectively.

If you require assistance with Power of Attorney matters or seek to initiate litigation, we urge you to reach out for a consultation. Protect your rights and interests by partnering with an attorney who specializes in Florida Power of Attorney law. Visit the Florida Bar resources or other authoritative sites on POA for more information, and stay proactive in securing the well-being of your affairs and those you care for.


Can a bank be liable for power of attorney abuse?

Yes, if the terms of the power of attorney are violated.  If the terms are honored but the power is misused by the agent, probably not.

Oral Argument at 5th District Court of Appeals

Jeffrey Skatoff

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(561) 842-4868


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